Janis Choplin

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Erspielen die schwedische ausgebildete Schauspieler Matthew McConaughey. Es ist 23 Familien, 180 Menschen, die beiden klassischen Raubkopie im Januar ebenfalls mit Emily (Anne Menden), Philip (Jrn Schlnvoigt) erneut installieren.

Janis Choplin

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Janis Lyn Joplin war eine US-amerikanische Rock- und Bluessängerin. Janis Lyn Joplin (* Januar in Port Arthur, Texas; † 4. Oktober in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war eine US-amerikanische Rock- und Bluessängerin. Suchergebnis auf angelsfromhell.eu für: janis choplin. Online-Shopping mit großer Auswahl im Musik-CDs & Vinyl Shop. Janis Joplin prägte die er-Jahre und wurde Teil des legendären „Club 27“. ROLLING STONE erinnert an die unvergleichliche Sängerin. Janis choplin. Gefällt 35 Mal. Musiker/in/Band. Cry Baby (Live). Buried Alive In The Blues. Little Girl Blue (live). Get It While You Can.

Janis Choplin

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Diese stellte sich für sie als Glücksgriff heraus. Dann zog sie nach Los Angeles. Beim Woodstock-Festival begeisterte sie Postcode: Please enter a valid postcode. Janis Choplin Joplin kuoli heroiinin yliannostukseen lokakuussa kesken neljännen albuminsa nauhoituksia. Associated Press. Kaverukset kuuntelivat folkia, jazzia ja bluesia, jotka Port Arthurissa edustivat heille kapinallisuutta. Miami Herald. Hän oli lopettanut heroiinin käytön ja suunnitteli hetken aikaa perheen perustamista uuden miesystävänsä kanssa, kunnes suhde alkoi kariutua. Oh, everybody took a chunk of me. They became fast friends with matching vices. Her name is Janis Joplin. Given the near-infinite potentials of infancy, it is really impossible to make generalizations about what lies Get Smart Stream sexual practices. August 9, Port ArthurTexas, Vereinigte Staaten. Die Fussball Live Stream Kostenlos Deutsch der Janis Joplin war geboren. Ebenso schnell fiel Janis in ihre alten Gewohnheiten zurück. Ihre Plattenfirma verweigerte Pinkas Braun diesem Grund anfänglich die Erlaubnis, diesen Auftritt filmisch in der Dokumentation Woodstock zu zeigen. Zu stark für viele seiner Kunden. Returns policy. Read more about the condition. Please enter a valid postcode. Postcode: Please enter a valid postcode. Da in den Die Drei Federn Film Jahren Frauen im Rampenlicht ungleich schärfer der Kritik ausgesetzt sind als Männer, und weibliche Vorbilder kaum als Ein Ganzes Halbes Jahr Trailer Personen respektiert werden, avanciert die Sängerin, trotz oder gerade wegen ihrer Shirin David Dsds, zur Ikone Mister Trip Feminismus. Why is this review inappropriate? Terms and conditions of the sale. Wie war das damals im Subbura York der er Jahre? Munich-Records munich-records Die Platte verkaufte sich gut, doch Janis war nicht zufrieden — vor allem wegen der schlechten Kritiken, die die Band in der Presse erfuhr. Legend Of Tomorrow Staffel 3 gebeten wurde. Im Kontext der Band nahm ihre Karriere Fahrt auf. New. Es wird sofort zum Kassenschlager und macht die Sängerin zur Legende. Janis Joplin Porträt Alben Videos. Wir gehen mit Künstlern auf Tuchfühlung: Ingo Schmoll unterhält sich mit ihnen an für sie wichtigen Orten. Mediathek Fernsehen. This item will post to Francebut the seller hasn't specified postage options. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Doch bei den Aufnahmen für das nächste Album My Name Is Khan Stream Pearl " greift sie wieder zu Heroin und kann dabei die Vene nicht voll genug bekommen. Munich-Records munich-records Kommende Filme NewsReviewsStorys. Leserwertung: Punkt Redaktionswertung: 4 Punkte.

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Janis Joplin ~ ° Greatest Hits ° Full Album 'HQ'

Janis Joplin can sing the chic off any listener. For her first major studio recording, Joplin played a major role in the arrangement and production of the songs that would comprise Big Brother and the Holding Company's second album, Cheap Thrills.

Producer John Simon tried recording the band in concert, to capture their energy in a live album, but several attempts showed the band was prone to mistakes.

Their imprecision was not helped by moving the sessions to a recording studio. Joplin sang take after take of the same song, with her performances consistently good, and she grew frustrated with the band's sloppiness.

Simon was replaced by Elliot Mazer who fixed the songs by overdubbing certain parts. Although Cheap Thrills sounded as if it consisted of concert recordings, like on "Combination of the Two" and "I Need a Man to Love", only "Ball and Chain" was actually recorded in front of a paying audience; the rest of the tracks were studio recordings.

On September 14, , culminating a three-night engagement together at Fillmore West, fans thronged to a concert that Bill Graham publicized as the last official concert of Janis Joplin with Big Brother and the Holding Company.

Despite Graham's announcement that the Fillmore West gig was Big Brother's last concert with Joplin, the band—with Joplin still as lead vocalist—toured the U.

Reflecting Joplin's crossover appeal, two October performances at a roller rink in Alexandria, Virginia, were reviewed by John Segraves of the conservative Washington Evening Star at a time when the Washington metropolitan area's hard rock scene was in its infancy.

Shortly she will be merely Janis Joplin, a vocalist singing folk rock on her first album as a single.

Whatever she does and whatever she sings she'll do it well because her vocal talents are boundless.

This is the way she came across in a huge, high-ceilinged roller skating rink without any acoustics but, thankfully a good enough sound system behind her.

In a proper room, I would imagine there would be no adjectives to describe her. Gabriel Mekler, who produced Kozmic Blues , told publicist-turned-biographer Myra Friedman after Joplin's death that she had lived in his Los Angeles house during the June recording sessions at his insistence so he could keep her away from drugs and her drug-using friends.

Joplin's appearances with the Kozmic Blues Band in Europe were released in cinemas, in multiple documentaries. Janis , which was reviewed by the Washington Post on March 21, , [57] shows Joplin arriving in Frankfurt by plane and waiting inside a bus next to the Frankfurt venue, while an American female fan who is visiting Germany expresses enthusiasm to the camera no security was used in Frankfurt, so by the end of the concert, the stage was so packed with people the band members could not see each other.

Janis also includes interviews with Joplin in Stockholm and from her visit to London , for her gig at Royal Albert Hall. The London interview was dubbed with a voiceover in the German language for broadcast on German television.

John Byrne Cooke, road manager for Joplin and the Kozmic Blues Band, wrote a book published in in which he discussed her knowledge of the risks of her ongoing use of narcotics, particularly when she was outside the United States.

On Kozmic Blues' tour of Europe, Janis was terrified at every border crossing and customs inspection, knowing that the works and the smack she had stashed on her person could send her directly to jail on a tough rap to beat in foreign courts.

But she was unwilling to go without, so she carried a supply everywhere, despite the risks. As Dick Cavett interviewed Joplin, she admitted that she had a terrible time touring in Europe, claiming that audiences there are very uptight and don't " get down ".

Released in September , the Kozmic Blues album was certified gold later that year but did not match the success of Cheap Thrills. Some music critics, however, including Ralph J.

Gleason of the San Francisco Chronicle , were negative. Gleason wrote that the new band was a "drag" and Joplin should "scrap" her new band and "go right back to being a member of Big Brother Other reviewers, such as reporter Carl Bernstein of the Washington Post , devoted entire articles to celebrating the singer's magic.

Frequently suggestive with a series of limited but obvious moves, Miss Joplin wears hip-hugging silk bellbottoms and alternates between a wail and a teeth-rattling scream.

Like Elvis in his pelvis-moving days or Wayne Cochran with his towering hairdo, Janis is a curiosity as well as a musical attraction.

She cultivates a Madame of Rock image, lounging against an organ, exchanging profanities with bandsmen, cackling coarsely at private jokes, even taking a belt or two while onstage.

She also has something to say in her songs, about the raw and rudimentary dimensions of sex, love, and life. She gets her point across, splitting a few eardrums in the process.

Opening the Joplin concert were Teegarden and Van Winkle, an organ-drums duo Before her concert, Miss Joplin walked into the lobby and watched customers sic arrive.

She was not recognized. Columbia Records released " Kozmic Blues " as a single, which peaked at number 41 on the Billboard Hot , and a live rendition of "Raise Your Hand" was released in Germany and became a top ten hit there.

Joplin informed her band that they would be performing at the concert as if it were just another gig. On Saturday afternoon, when she and the band were flown by helicopter with the pregnant Joan Baez and Baez's mother from a nearby motel to the festival site and Joplin saw the enormous crowd, she instantly became extremely nervous and giddy.

Upon landing and getting off the helicopter, Joplin was approached by reporters asking her questions.

She referred them to her friend and sometime lover Peggy Caserta as she was too excited to speak. Initially, Joplin was eager to get on the stage and perform but was repeatedly delayed as bands were contractually obliged to perform ahead of Joplin.

Faced with a ten-hour wait after arriving at the backstage area, Joplin shot heroin and drank alcohol [16] [21] with Caserta, and by the time of reaching the stage, Joplin was " three sheets to the wind ".

Joplin pulled through, however, and engaged frequently with the crowd, asking them if they had everything they needed and if they were staying stoned.

The audience cheered for an encore, to which Joplin replied and sang "Ball and Chain". Pete Townshend , who performed with the Who later in the same morning after Joplin finished, witnessed her performance and said the following in his memoir: "She had been amazing at Monterey, but tonight she wasn't at her best, due, probably, to the long delay, and probably, too, to the amount of booze and heroin she'd consumed while she waited.

But even Janis on an off-night was incredible. Janis remained at Woodstock for the remainder of the festival. Still photographs in color show Joplin backstage with Grace Slick the day after Joplin's performance, wherein Joplin appears to be very happy.

Joplin was ultimately unhappy with her performance, however, and blamed Caserta. Her singing was not included by her own insistence in the documentary film or the soundtrack for Woodstock: Music from the Original Soundtrack and More , although the 25th anniversary director's cut of Woodstock includes her performance of " Work Me, Lord ".

The documentary film of the festival that was released to theaters in includes, on the left side of a split screen , 37 seconds of footage of Joplin and Caserta walking toward Joplin's dressing room tent.

Friedman said Joplin was "so drunk, so stoned, so out of control, that she could have been an institutionalized psychotic rent by mania.

Joplin told rock journalist David Dalton that Garden audiences watched and listened to "every note [she sang] with 'Is she gonna make it?

At the time of this June interview, she had already performed in the Bay Area for what turned out to be the last time. Sam Andrew, the lead guitarist who had left Big Brother with Joplin in December to form her back-up band, quit in late summer and returned to Big Brother.

At the end of the year, the Kozmic Blues Band broke up. In February , Joplin traveled to Brazil , where she stopped her drug and alcohol use.

She was accompanied on vacation there by her friend Linda Gravenites, who had designed the singer's stage costumes from to In Brazil, Joplin was romanced by a fellow American tourist named David George Niehaus, who was traveling around the world.

A Joplin biography written by her sister Laura said, "David was an upper-middle-class Cincinnati kid who had studied communications at Notre Dame.

He tried law school, but when he met Janis he was taking time off. According to Joplin biographer Ellis Amburn, in Gravenites' snapshots they "look like a carefree, happy, healthy young couple having a tremendously good time.

Rolling Stone magazine interviewed Joplin during an international phone call, quoting her: "I'm going into the jungle with a big bear of a beatnik named David Niehaus.

I finally remembered I don't have to be on stage twelve months a year. I've decided to go and dig some other jungles for a couple of weeks.

When Joplin returned to the U. Her relationship with Niehaus soon ended because he witnessed her shooting drugs at her new home in Larkspur, California.

The relationship was also complicated by her ongoing romantic relationship with Peggy Caserta, who also was an intravenous addict, and Joplin's refusal to take some time off and travel the world with him.

Around this time, she formed her new band, known for a short time as Main Squeeze, then renamed the Full Tilt Boogie Band. Joplin took a more active role in putting together the Full Tilt Boogie band than she did with her prior group.

She was quoted as saying, "It's my band. Finally it's my band! Joplin became very happy with her new group, which eventually received mostly positive feedback from both her fans and the critics.

Recordings from this concert were included in an in-concert album released posthumously in She again appeared with Big Brother on April 12 at Winterland , where she and Big Brother were reported to be in excellent form.

According to Joplin's biographer Ellis Amburn, Big Brother with its lead singer Nick Gravenites was the opening act at the party that was attended by 2, people.

She was like a parody of what she was at her best. I put it down to her drinking too much and I felt a tinge of fear for her well-being. Her singing was real flabby, no edge at all.

Shortly thereafter, Joplin began wearing multi-coloured feather boas in her hair. Preparing to board the all-star Festival Express train tour through Canada, members of Full Tilt Boogie passed through customs at what was then called Toronto International Airport.

Road manager John Byrne Cooke recalled the scene in his book. The inspecting officers pass [band members except Joplin] through with a few perfunctory pokes in their bags while a diminutive officer with a solemn, round face begins a thorough search of Janis's luggage.

Unaccountably, she seems to welcome his attention. Her suitcase looks as if she packed by throwing clothes at it from across the room.

Her hippie handbag is overflowing with odds and ends scooped up at the last minute during the bleary rush of our early-morning departure [from a hotel in Schenectady, New York where they performed the previous night].

That's my toilet kit, man, there might be some pills in there. What the hell is going on? I try to signal Janis to quit goading the inspector so we can get out of here before we all keel over from exhaustion.

I'm afraid to do it too openly for fear of arousing more suspicion. Janis takes no notice. Like a sheep being led to the dipping trough, the officer follows Janis's direction.

He heads straight for the toilet kit and pulls out a bag of powder. My heart skips a beat. Janis can scarcely contain herself. His complexion explores the scarlet end of the spectrum while he moves on quickly to something safer.

But he keeps searching. The border watchdogs can search all day and never find a thing. Janis is clean. She is as respectable as a symphony conductor.

She is proud and she is celebrating. The boys [Full Tilt Boogie musicians] amuse themselves as best they can. Nothing fancy, just up and down, up and down, grinning as he watches Janis urge the inspector on.

Janis prolongs the game until even the obtuse little customs inspector finally realizes that no one who has anything to hide would behave like this.

Joplin headlined the festival on all three nights. At the last stop in Calgary, she took to the stage with Jerry Garcia while her band was tuning up.

Film footage shows her telling the audience how great the tour was and she and Garcia presenting the organizers with a case of tequila.

She then burst into a two-hour set, starting with " Tell Mama ". Throughout this performance, Joplin engaged in several banters about her love life.

In one, she reminisced about living in a San Francisco apartment and competing with a female neighbor in flirting with men on the street.

Footage of her performance of "Tell Mama" in Calgary became an MTV video in the early s, and the audio from the same film footage was included on the Farewell Song album.

These performances of entire songs during the Festival Express concerts in Toronto and Calgary can be purchased, although other songs remain in vaults and have yet to be released.

In the "Tell Mama" video shown on MTV in the s, Joplin wore a psychedelically colored, loose-fitting costume and feathers in her hair.

This was her standard stage costume in the spring and summer of She chose the new costumes after her friend and designer, Linda Gravenites whom Joplin had praised in Vogue ' s profile of her in its May edition , cut ties with Joplin shortly after their return from Brazil, due largely to Joplin's continued use of heroin.

During the Festival Express tour, Joplin was accompanied by Rolling Stone writer David Dalton, who later wrote several articles and two books on Joplin.

She told Dalton:. I'm a victim of my own insides. There was a time when I wanted to know everything It used to make me very unhappy, all that feeling.

I just didn't know what to do with it. But now I've learned to make that feeling work for me. I'm full of emotion and I want a release, and if you're on stage and if it's really working and you've got the audience with you, it's a oneness you feel.

In her June 25, appearance, she announced that she would attend her ten-year high school class reunion.

When asked if she had been popular in school, she admitted that when in high school, her schoolmates "laughed me out of class, out of town and out of the state" [68] during the year she had spent at the University of Texas at Austin, Joplin had been voted "Ugliest Man on Campus" by frat boys.

On August 7, , a tombstone—jointly paid for by Joplin and Juanita Green, who as a child had done housework for Bessie Smith —was erected at Smith's previously unmarked grave.

It was there that she first performed " Mercedes Benz ", a song partially inspired by a Michael McClure poem that she had written that day in the bar next door to the Capitol Theatre with fellow musician and friend Bob Neuwirth.

The Harvard Crimson gave the performance a positive, front-page review, despite the fact that Full Tilt Boogie had performed with makeshift amplifiers after their regular sound equipment was stolen in Boston.

Joplin attended her high school reunion on August 14, accompanied by Neuwirth, road manager John Cooke, and sister Laura, but it was reportedly an unhappy experience for her.

When asked by a reporter if she ever entertained at Thomas Jefferson High School when she was a student there, Joplin replied, "Only when I walked down the aisles.

Rothchild , best known for his lengthy relationship with The Doors. Although Joplin died before all the tracks were fully completed, there was enough usable material to compile an LP.

The posthumous Pearl became the biggest-selling album of her career [53] and featured her biggest hit single, a cover of Kris Kristofferson and Fred Foster 's " Me and Bobby McGee " Kristofferson had previously been Joplin's lover in the spring of Also included was the social commentary of "Mercedes Benz", presented in an a cappella arrangement; the track on the album features the first and only take that Joplin recorded.

A cover of Nick Gravenites 's "Buried Alive in the Blues", to which Joplin had been scheduled to add her vocals on the day she was found dead, was included as an instrumental.

Joplin checked into the Landmark Motor Hotel in Hollywood on August 24, , [74] near Sunset Sound Recorders , [16] where she began rehearsing and recording her album.

During the sessions, Joplin continued a relationship with Seth Morgan , a year-old UC Berkeley student, cocaine dealer, and future novelist who had visited her new home in Larkspur in July and August.

Morgan later told biographer Myra Friedman that, as a non-musician, he had felt excluded whenever he had visited Sunset Sound Recorders.

She told her construction crew to design a carport to be shaped like a flying saucer, according to biographer Ellis Amburn, the concrete foundation for which was poured the day before she died.

Peggy Caserta claimed in her book, Going Down With Janis , that she and Joplin had decided mutually in April to stay away from each other to avoid enabling each other's drug use.

For approximately the first two weeks of Joplin's stay at the Landmark, she did not know Caserta was in Los Angeles.

Later, while Friedman was working on her book Buried Alive , she determined that the time frame of the Joplin-Caserta encounter was one week before Jimi Hendrix's death.

Within a few days, Joplin became a regular customer of the same heroin dealer who had been supplying Caserta. Grossman and Friedman knew during Joplin's lifetime that her friend Caserta, whom Friedman met during the New York sessions for Cheap Thrills [21] and on later occasions, used heroin.

When Joplin was not at Sunset Sound Recorders, she liked to drive her Porsche over the speed limit "on the winding part of Sunset Blvd.

Lennon told Dick Cavett on-camera the following year that Joplin's recorded birthday wishes arrived at his home after her death.

The last recording Joplin completed was on October 1, —"Mercedes Benz". On Saturday, October 3, Joplin visited Sunset Sound Recorders [16] to listen to the instrumental track for Nick Gravenites 's song "Buried Alive in the Blues", which the band had recorded earlier that day.

At some point on Saturday, she learned by telephone, to her dismay, that Seth Morgan had met other women at a Marin County, California , restaurant, invited them to her home, and was shooting pool with them using her pool table.

What impressed everyone that night when she arrived at the studio was the exceptional brightness of her spirits. Friedman believed the "secret" was marriage plans for Joplin and Morgan.

In a version of Friedman's book that she wrote twenty years later, she said about the hotel's claim of a phone call to City Hall, "This may have been untrue.

By the time they returned to the studio, it was jammed. Nick Gravenites was there. So was song writer Bobby Womack. Bennett Glotzer [Albert Grossman's partner in their New York-based talent management company] was around.

All in all, there were perhaps twenty to twenty-five people present. Janis did not sing that night, but merely listened to the instrumental track the band had completed that day.

It was Nick's song, "Buried Alive in the Blues. Janis was exhilarated by the prospect of doing the vocal on Sunday, a light like a sunburst in her smile and eyes.

Joplin and Ken Pearson later left the studio together and she drove him and a male fan in her Porsche [22] to the West Hollywood landmark called Barney's Beanery.

Friedman wrote, "At the bar, she drank vodka and orange juice, only two. The last was the Landmark's night shift desk clerk.

He had met her several times but did not know her. Joplin's significant relationships with men included ones with Peter de Blanc, [22] [29] [30] [31] [32] Country Joe McDonald who wrote the song "Janis" at Joplin's request , [78] David George Niehaus, [16] [28] [32] [66] Kris Kristofferson , [16] [22] and Seth Morgan from July until her death, at which time they were allegedly engaged.

She also had relationships with women. Whitaker broke off their relationship because of Joplin's hard drug use and sexual relationships with other people.

Joplin also had an on-again-off-again romantic relationship with Peggy Caserta. Caserta was one of 15 people in the audience, [21] and at the time, she ran a successful clothing boutique in the Haight Ashbury.

Approximately a month after Caserta attended the concert, Joplin visited her boutique and said she could not afford to buy a pair of jeans that was for sale.

The Woodstock movie includes 37 seconds of Joplin and Caserta walking together before they reached the tent where Joplin waited for her turn to perform.

By the time the festival took place in August , both were intravenous heroin addicts. Caserta "had seen him around" San Francisco but had not met him before.

Caserta suspected that the reason for Joplin's foul mood was that Morgan had abandoned her earlier that day after having spent less than 24 hours with her.

Caserta did not see nor communicate by phone with Joplin again, although she later claimed she had made several attempts to reach her by phone at the Landmark Motor Hotel and at Sunset Sound Recorders.

Caserta and Morgan lost touch with each other, and each decided independently to abandon Joplin on Friday night, October 2. Biographer Myra Friedman commented in her original version of Buried Alive : [84].

Given the near-infinite potentials of infancy, it is really impossible to make generalizations about what lies behind sexual practices.

This, however, is probable: to become clearly homosexual, to make the choice that one honestly prefers relations with one's own sex, no matter the origins of such preference, requires a certain integration, a stability of psychic development, a tidiness of personality organization.

The ridicule and the humiliation that took place at that most delicate period in [Joplin's] early teens, her own inability to surmount the obstacles to regular growth, devastated her a great deal more than most people comprehended.

Janis was not heir to an ego so cohesive as to permit her an identity one way or the other. She was, as [the psychiatric social worker she saw regularly in Beaumont, Texas in and ] Mr.

That had as much to do with her original use of drugs [before she first met Giarritano] as did the critical component of guilt and its multiplicity of sources above and beyond the contribution made by her relationships with women.

Were she so simple as the lesbians wished her to be or so free as her associates imagined! Joplin sang with Full Tilt Boogie and appeared briefly onstage with Big Brother without singing, according to the next day's review in the San Diego Union.

She had a conversation offstage with her old friend Richard Hundgen, the Grateful Dead 's San Francisco-based road manager whom she had known since , in which she said:.

I hear a rumor that somebody in San Francisco is spreading stories that I'm a dyke. You go back there and find out who it is and tell them that Janis says she's gotten it on with a couple of thousand cats in her life and a few hundred chicks and see what they can do with that!

In the late afternoon of Sunday, October 4, , producer Paul Rothchild became concerned when Joplin failed to show up at Sunset Sound Recorders for a recording session in which she was scheduled to provide the vocal track for the instrumental track of the song "Buried Alive in the Blues".

Cooke and two of his friends noticed her psychedelically painted Porsche C Cabriolet in the hotel parking lot.

Upon entering her room , he found her dead on the floor beside her bed. Alcohol was present in the room. Newspapers reported that no drugs or paraphernalia were present.

It did not. When, after a while, she walked out to the lobby [from her room at the Landmark Motor Hotel], she could not have known she was dying. There she chatted with the hotel clerk for a second and asked him to change a five-dollar bill for cigarettes, which she purchased [from the cigarette machine in the lobby].

Alcohol was also present in the blood, and her liver showed the effects of long-term heavy drinking. Additional tests for barbiturates , phenothiazine , amphetamines , Librium , Valium , Noludar , meprobamate , methadone , Soma , Quaalude and codeine were negative.

Much mystery surrounded the fact that Janis had not died immediately. Some people insisted that a heroin overdose could not have happened as it did.

The Medical Examiner 's Office of New York County [where Friedman lived] informs me that while it is more common for an OD to occur instantly after an injection, a delay until the moment of death is not so strikingly unusual.

Clarifying this further, the Consumers Union Report on Licit and Illicit Drugs states that the term "overdose" is most frequently erroneous.

The report cites information that those sudden deaths following an injection of heroin are actually the result of an adulteration of the product with various substances or of other mysterious factors: what is called a " synergistic reaction " to a combination of drugs, for example, or of other toxic factors.

Death from what is literally an overdose of heroin itself is, in fact, usually slow. Peggy Caserta, Joplin's close friend, and Seth Morgan , Joplin's fiance, both had failed to meet Joplin the Friday immediately prior to her death, October 2, and Joplin had been expecting both of them to keep her company that night.

According to Caserta, Joplin was saddened that neither of her friends visited her at the Landmark as they had promised. Joplin's death in October at age 27 stunned her fans and shocked the music world, especially when coupled with the death just 16 days earlier of another rock icon, Jimi Hendrix , also at age This would later cause some people to attribute significance to the death of musicians at the age of 27, as celebrated in the notional ' 27 Club '.

Music historian Tom Moon wrote that Joplin had "a devastatingly original voice", music columnist Jon Pareles of The New York Times wrote that Joplin as an artist was "overpowering and deeply vulnerable", and author Megan Terry said that Joplin was the female version of Elvis Presley in her ability to captivate an audience.

At the same time, Peggy Caserta's memoir, Going Down With Janis , [98] attracted a lot of attention, with its provocative title referring to her performing oral sex with Joplin while they were high on heroin, in September The first sentence in the book goes into more detail about that particular encounter.

Caserta's language and description repelled many people at a time when few books or filmed interviews of Joplin or her loved ones were accessible to the public.

Peggy Caserta was described as "halfway between a groupie and a friend" in an interview that writer Ellis Amburn did with Joplin's bandmate Sam Andrew circa and published in According to a statement in the early s by a close friend of Caserta and Joplin's, Caserta's book angered the Los Angeles heroin dealer she described in detail, including the make and model of his car, for her book.

According to Ellis Amburn, in a "carful of dope dealers" visited a Los Angeles lesbian bar Caserta had been frequenting since Joplin was alive.

He couldn't find her, so he went for her lover. When they realized who I was, they felt that my death would also hit Peggy, and so they stabbed me.

According to biographers, Caserta was one of many friends of Joplin's who did not become clean and sober until a very long time after the singer's death, while others died from overdoses.

Joplin, along with Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane , opened opportunities in the rock music business for future female singers. Joplin's body art , with a wristlet and a small heart on her left breast, by the San Francisco tattoo artist Lyle Tuttle , was an early moment in the popular culture's acceptance of tattoos as art.

Pollard , frequented Limbo on St. Mark's Place. Joplin, well known to the boutique's employees, made a practice of putting aside vintage and other one-of-a-kind garments she favored on stage and off.

Likewise, Leonard Cohen 's song, " Chelsea Hotel 2 " , is about Joplin, [] and lyricist Robert Hunter has commented that Jerry Garcia 's "Birdsong" from his first solo album, Garcia , is about Joplin and the end of her suffering through death.

At the Montreux Jazz Festival , Nina Simone , whom Joplin admired greatly, commented on Joplin and referred to the documentary Janis that evidently was screened at the festival:.

You know I made thirty-five albums, they bootlegged seventy. Oh, everybody took a chunk of me. And yesterday I went to see Janis Joplin's film here.

And what distressed me the most, and I started to write a song about it, but I decided you weren't worthy. Because I figured that most of you are here for the festival.

Anyway the point is it pained me to see how hard she worked. Because she got hooked into a thing, and it wasn't on drugs. She got hooked into a feeling and she played to corpses.

The film The Rose is loosely based on Joplin's life. Originally planned to be titled Pearl —Joplin's nickname and the title of her last album—the film was fictionalized after her family declined to allow the producers the rights to her story.

In , on what would have been Joplin's 45th birthday, the Janis Joplin Memorial, with an original gold, multi-image sculpture of Joplin by Douglas Clark , was dedicated during a ceremony in Port Arthur, Texas.

In , the first major biography of Joplin in two decades, Love, Janis , authored by her younger sister, Laura Joplin, was published. In an interview, Laura stated that Joplin enjoyed being on the Dick Cavett Show , that Joplin while growing up in Texas had difficulties with some people at school, but not the entire school, and that Joplin was really enthusiastic after performing at Woodstock in In , she received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

Opening in the summer of and scheduled for only a few weeks of performances, the show won acclaim, packed houses, and was held over several times. In it, Joplin puts on a concert for the audience, while telling stories of her past inspirations including Odetta , Aretha Franklin , and others.

It went on tour in On November 4, , Joplin was awarded with the 2,th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to the music industry.

Her star is located at Hollywood Boulevard, in front of Musicians Institute. On August 8, , the U. On December 15, , Amy J.

Joplin had a profound influence on many singers. For example, Florence Welch of Florence and the Machine spoke of Joplin's impact, in an interview for Why Music Matters that appeared in a commercial against piracy:.

I learnt about Janis from an anthology of female blues singers. Janis was a fascinating character who bridged the gap between psychedelic blues and soul scenes.

She was so vulnerable, self-conscious and full of suffering. She tore herself apart yet on stage she was totally different.

She was so unrestrained, so free, so raw and she wasn't afraid to wail. Her connection with the audience was really important.

It seems to me the suffering and intensity of her performance go hand in hand. There was always a sense of longing, of searching for something.

I think she really sums up the idea that soul is about putting your pain into something beautiful. Stevie Nicks considers Joplin one of her idols, and has said:.

You could say that being yelled at by Janis Joplin was one of the great honors of my life. Early in my career, Lindsey Buckingham and I were in a band called Fritz.

There were two gigs we played in San Francisco that changed everything for me. One was opening up for Jimi Hendrix, who was completely magical. The other was the time that we opened up for Janis at the San Jose Fairgrounds, around It was a hot summer day, and things didn't start off well because the entire show was running late.

That meant our set was running over. We were onstage and going over pretty well, when I turned and saw a furious Janis Joplin on the side of the stage, yelling at us.

Tyyliltään albumit ovat rockia, bluesia, soulia ja kantria. Joplin kuoli heroiinin yliannostukseen lokakuussa kesken neljännen albuminsa nauhoituksia.

Janis Joplin syntyi texasilaisessa öljynjalostamokaupungissa Port Arthurissa Hänen perheeseensä kuuluivat vanhempien lisäksi myös kuusi vuotta nuorempi sisar Laura ja kymmenen vuotta nuorempi veli Michael.

Janisin lapsuus oli melko onnellinen. Hän riiteli määräilevän ja totisen äitinsä kanssa usein, etenkin kotiintuloajoista.

Syrjäänvetäytyvään ja viinaanmenevään isäänsä hänellä oli paremmat välit, sillä tämä keskusteli usein tyttärensä kanssa.

Nuorena Joplin lauloi kirkkokuoron solistina. Joplin on kertonut vaikeuksiensa alkaneen vuotiaana. Hän ei pitänyt ulkonäöstään, sillä hän ei ollut yhtä kehittynyt kuin vuotta vanhemmat luokkatoverinsa, hän lihoi, ja hänelle kehittyi paha akne.

Joplin oli koulukiusattu ja sosiaalinen hylkiö. Hän sai koulussa lisäksi lutkan maineen, jota hän myös itse tietoisesti provosoi. Joplin kapinoi torjutuksi tulemistaan vastaan myös alkamalla pukeutua epätavallisesti, beatnikkien tyyliin.

Hän luki beatnikeista ensi kertaa Time -lehdestä ja alkoi liikkua koulunsa pienessä beatnik-porukassa sen ainoana tyttönä. Kaverukset kuuntelivat folkia, jazzia ja bluesia, jotka Port Arthurissa edustivat heille kapinallisuutta.

He viettivät vapaa-aikaansa Louisianan puolella rajaa, missä oli runsaasti baareja ja väkevien anniskeluoikeudet. Joplinin ensimmäisiä laulajasuosikkeja olivat Leadbelly ja Odetta.

Näihin aikoihin hän huomasi osaavansa itsekin laulaa suosikkiensa lauluja. Valmistuttuaan high schoolista hyvin arvosanoin Joplin lähti vihaamastaan Port Arthurista collegeen Lamariin, joka oli naapurikaupunki Beaumontissa.

Siellä Joplinia ei enää kiusattu, mutta hän käytti aikansa opiskelun sijaan musiikista keskustelemiseen ja ryyppäämiseen uuden kaveriporukkansa kanssa.

Hän jättikin opintonsa kesken ja palasi vanhempiensa luo Port Arthuriin, missä hän aloitti reikäkorttioperaattori- ja konekirjoituskurssin.

Hän suoritti sihteerintutkinnon kesällä , ja hänen vanhempansa lähettivät hänet Los Angelesiin Kaliforniaan asumaan kahden tätinsä luo.

Ennen pitkää Joplin muutti vuokra-asuntoon Veniceen , oli pari kuukautta San Franciscossa ja palasi lopulta takaisiin Port Arthuriin.

Siellä hän kirjoittautui takaisin Lamariin ja teki töitä tarjoilijana. Hän ei vielä tuolloin laulanut kuin satunnaisesti.

Vuonna Joplin muutti Austiniin , Texasin pieneen pääkaupunkiin, josta oli luvun alussa tullut monien erikoisten ja taiteellisten tyyppien ja opiskelijoiden koti.

Moni Joplinin tuonaikaisista beat-ystävistä lähtikin myöhemmin Joplinin tapaan San Franciscoon muokkaamaan sen nousevaa vastakulttuuria.

Austinissa Joplin kirjoittautui Texasin yliopistoon. Hän erottautui jälleen useimmista naispuolisista opiskelutovereistaan epäsovinnaisella käyttäytymisellään ja pukeutumisellaan.

Joplin viihtyi yliopistossa kesästä joulukuun loppuun. Hän suoritti kaksi tyydyttävää arvosanaa, mutta osallistui vain yhdelle taidekurssille, vaikka taide oli hänen pääaineensa.

Hän käytti aikaansa mieluummin kampuksen folk-illoissa ja baarissa. Hän alkoi myös laulaa ja pääsi yhtyeeseen nimeltä Waller Creek Boys.

Joplinista tuli laulajana Austinissa hyvin suosittu ja paikallisen olutkuppilan musiikki-iltojen suurin vetonaula. Luonteeltaan häntä kuitenkin pidettiin riitaisana ja töykeänä.

Hänellä oli Austinissa myös paljon seksisuhteita, niin miesten kuin naistenkin kanssa, mutta ei pitkiä seurustelusuhteita. Joplin lähti Austinista tammikuussa liftaamalla San Franciscoon toteuttaakseen unelmaansa laulajana.

Siellä hän muutti aluksi North Beachille. Hän alkoi laulaa folkia paikallisissa kuppiloissa ja opiskeli musiikkia ahkerasti itsekseen, etenkin bluesia, jossa hänen ihanteensa oli Bessie Smith.

Elantonsa hän sai laulamisen lisäksi muiden antamasta tuesta, sekalaisista töistä, työttömyysavustuksesta ja näpistelystä. Joplin esiintyi Montereyn folkfestivaalilla kakkoslavalla.

Levy-yhtiöt osoittivat häntä kohtaan pientä kiinnostusta, mutta Joplinin oma käyttäytyminen oli usein levytyssopimusten esteenä. San Franciscossa Joplin ryhtyi käyttämään alkoholin lisäksi myös amfetamiinia ja eli hänet tunteneiden ihmisten kertoman mukaan tietoisesti rankkaa elämää taiteensa vaatiman kärsimyksen vuoksi.

Kesän Joplin vietti ystävänsä kanssa New Yorkissa. Hän ei juurikaan esiintynyt siellä, vaan elätti itsensä biljardilla.

Hän piti yhä yhteyttä perheeseensä ja kävi silloin tällöin Port Arthurissakin. Isä suhtautui Janisin uravalintaan paljon äitiä suopeammin, vaikka Janis olikin jo masentunut menestyksen antaessa odottaa itseään.

Vuoden lopussa Joplin oli jo riippuvainen amfetamiinipiikeistä ja myös myi huumeita, ja seuraavana vuonna hän alkoi piikittää myös heroiinia.

Keväällä Joplin oli jo niin laiha ja heikossa kunnossa, että hänen ystävänsä saivat hänet palaamaan takaisin Port Arthuriin perheensä luokse.

Port Arthuriin palattuaan Joplin yritti ryhdistäytyä, suorittaa vihdoin loppututkinnon collegessa ja aloittaa kunnollisen elämän. Hän vältteli esiintymistä, kävi terapiassa ja hyljeksi aluksi vanhoja ystäviään tai ainakin vieraannutti nämä uudella sovinnaisella käyttäytymisellään.

Hän suunnitteli myös naimisiinmenoa kihlattunsa kanssa, mutta liitto ei toteutunut — osittain siksi, että sulho oli jo naimisissa.

Joplin pysytteli Port Arthurissa koko vuoden Hän palasi vakavissaan esiintymisen pariin taas maaliskuussa Austinissa ja alkoi sen jälkeen kierrellä Texasin folkpaikkoja.

Vaikka hän pukeutuikin aiempaa sovinnaisemmin, hänen esiintymistyylinsä oli naislaulajalle epätavallisen raju. Hänen äänenkäytössään herätti huomiota se, että hän pystyi laulamaan monipuolisesti niin heleällä kuin käheälläkin äänellä.

Vuoden alussa hippikulttuuri oli syntymässä San Franciscossa. Paikallisesti suosittu rockyhtye Big Brother and the Holding Company etsi laulajaa, ja rockvaikuttaja Chet Helms ehdotti heille Joplinia, joka saapuikin pyynnön saatuaan koelauluun kesäkuussa Hänet hyväksyttiin yhtyeeseen heti mielihyvin, vaikka kitaristi James Gurley suhtautuikin hänen ulkonäköönsä kriittisesti.

Joplin ei ollut koskaan laulanut rockia, ja hän joutui myös opettelemaan sähköisen ja kovaäänisen bändin edessä laulamisen.

Hän otti laulutunteja ensi kertaa elämässään ja alkoi pukeutua värikkäisiin hippivaatteisiin esiintyessään. Hän aloitti myös amfetamiinin käytön uudelleen.

Hänellä oli jälleen paljon lyhyitä suhteita ja yksi niistä Gurleyn kanssa, kunnes tämä palasi vaimonsa ja lapsensa luo. Big Brother teki kesällä pitkän soittomatkan bluesin kotikaupunkiin Chicagoon , mutta siellä yhtyettä ja sen musiikkia ei lainkaan ymmärretty.

Yhtye teki siellä kuitenkin levytyssopimuksen ja alkoi äänittää ensialbumiaan aluksi Chicagossa ja syksyllä Los Angelesissa. Levytyssopimus oli huono, albumin singlet eivät menestyneet ja sen julkaisua viivytettiin, ja Joplin harkitsi yhtyeestä lähtemistä.

Samalla Joplin oli nousemassa yhtyeen tähdeksi ja johtajaksi. Kesäkuussa Joplin nousi maanlaajuiseen maineeseen Big Brotherin esiinnyttyä Montereyn popfestivaaleilla.

Koska yhtyeen ensimmäistä osuutta ei tallennettu filmille, he pääsivät lavalle toisenakin päivänä ja yhtä intensiivisinä.

Joplin muistetaan voimakkaasta, käheästä ja sielukkaasta äänestään ja rajusta laulutavastaan sekä värikkäästä rocktähden elämäntyylistään. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. She was so witty and charming Die Weiße Spinne intelligent, but she also battled an ugly-duckling syndrome. Determined to follow her passion for singing, she dropped out of college in January — and hitchhiked to San Francisco. Albumi sai vaihtelevia arvosteluja, ja vaikka se myikin kultaa, yksikään sen single ei noussut topeen. University of Illinois Press.

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